稿件编号:20110315
刘文敬,白洁,马静,徐基良,李忠.我国自然保护区集体林现状与问题分析[J].世界林业研究,2011,24(3):73~77
我国自然保护区集体林现状与问题分析
Status and Problems of Collective Forests in Nature Reserves in China:Implications for Tenure Reform
投稿时间:2011-01-23  
DOI:
中文关键词:  自然保护区  集体林  林权改革  对策
英文关键词:nature reserve  collective forest  tenure reform  countermeasures
基金项目:林业公益性行业科研专项(200904003);国家自然科学基金项目(30800103)
作者单位E-mail
刘文敬   
白洁   
马静   
徐基良  xujiliang@bjfu.edu.cn 
李忠   
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中文摘要:
      文中从全国198个自然保护区以及东南五省43个森林和野生动植物类型国家级自然保护区等3个层次全面阐述我国自然保护区集体林现状,从历史上对土地权属问题的淡化或忽视、法律法规不足、当地社会经济发展与自然保护的矛盾及补偿机制等方面分析了我国自然保护区集体林权改革中存在的问题,并结合国外自然保护区土地权属管理的成熟做法,提出了加强试点、科学规划、完善法律法规及政策体系、创新模式、充分尊重社区群众的利益、完善生态补偿机制等对策,以推动我国自然保护区集体林改工作,促进自然保护区与社区和谐发展。
英文摘要:
      The nature reserves in China generally have collective forestland distributed.China is implementing the collective forest tenure reform.Therefore,it is urgent to take some effective measures to fully protect the rights and interests of the collective forests owners in nature reserves while ensuring the sustainable and stable development of nature reserves.Based on the results of the investigation of collective forestland in 198 nature reserves at different levels across China and in 43 forest or wildlife national nature reserves in the 5 provinces in the southeastern region,the paper described the status of collective forests in nature reserves,and analyzed the problems existing in collective forest tenure reform in nature reserves in terms of historic reducing or neglect of the importance of land tenure issue,laws and regulations,conflicts between local socioeconomic development and natural preservation,and compensation mechanism.Consequently,the countermeasures were proposed to facilitate collective forest tenure reform in nature reserves and promote harmonious development of nature reserves and local communities,i.e.enhancing pilot implementation,scientific planning for nature reserve construction,improving legislative and policy systems relating to collective forest tenure reform in nature reserve,innovation model,full respect of rights & interests of local communities and updating eco-compensation mechanism.
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