稿件编号:20110201
崔丽娟,赵欣胜,张岩,张曼胤,李伟,王义飞,李胜男.退化湿地生态系统恢复的相关理论问题[J].世界林业研究,2011,24(2):1~4
退化湿地生态系统恢复的相关理论问题
Theories and Strategies of Degraded Wetland Ecosystem Restoration
投稿时间:2011-03-08  
DOI:
中文关键词:  湿地恢复  基本理论  恢复技术
英文关键词:wetland restoration  basic theory  restoration strategy
基金项目:北京市科技计划重大项目北京市湿地生态系统保护与恢复关键技术研究和示范(D08040600580000);国家十一五科技支撑计划项目湿地生态系统保护与恢复技术试验示范(2006BAD03A19)
作者单位
崔丽娟  
赵欣胜  
张岩  
张曼胤  
李伟  
王义飞  
李胜男  
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中文摘要:
      从湿地恢复的概念入手,介绍了湿地恢复的基本理论,如生态限制因子理论、生态位理论、中度干扰假说、生态系统演替理论、自我设计与设计理论、系统整体性和最优化理论等;提出了湿地恢复的主要目标;分析了湿地恢复的3个基本原则,即地域性原则、稳定性原则和可行性原则;简述了湿地恢复的基本策略;对湿地恢复的监测与评价进行了讨论。
英文摘要:
      Based on wetland restoration concept,the paper described the basic theories of wetland restoration such as limiting factor theory,ecological niche theory,intermediate disturbance hypothesis,succession theory,self design vs.design theory,system integrity and optimization theory were discussed.Main objectives of wetland restoration were proposed,three basic principles were analyzed,i.e.regionality,stability and feasibility,and meanwhile restoration strategies were also briefly described.The monitoring and evaluation of wetland restoration were finally discussed.
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